The aim of the department is to train professionals, conduct research and provide services necessary for the management of diseases of infants, children and adolescents to optimize their growth and development and to allow them to achieve full potential as adults. The department aims to help trainees to achieve knowledge, skills and attitudes needed to provide healthcare services to children of all ages in any part of the country.

Department of Paediatrics is young being established in year 2009. It is continuing to grow up towards a fully fledged department as its physical and human resources are being continuously improving. The department is located at professorial ward complex, Teaching Hospital Anuradhapura.

Currently the department is primarily involved in training of medical undergraduates of Rajarata University of Sri Lanka. In future, the department hopes to extend its activities in the field of training post graduate students in paediatrics, providing healthcare services for the community and in research.